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Table 1 Description of the groups and characterizing variables

From: Tinnitus- related distress: evidence from fMRI of an emotional stroop task

  HDT LDT HC HDT vs. LDT HDT vs. HC LDT vs. HC
  (n=16; 13♂) (n=16; 13♂) (n=16; 13♂) df=30 df=30 df= 30
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD t (p) t (p) t (p)
Age 53.38 12.33 52.88 12.14 52.38 9.42 0.12 (0.9088) 0.26 (0.7984) 0.13 (0.8973)
HADS A 8.31 3.42 4.06 3.07 2.75 2.29 3.70 (0.0009) 5.40 (0.0000) 1.37 (0.1805)
HADS D 6.75 3.44 3.38 3.72 2.56 2.58 2.67 (0.0123) 3.90 (0.0005) 0.72 (0.4786)
VT 20.0 5.37 24.38 4.11 21.94 4.20 - 2.59 (0.0147) - 1.14 (0.2646) 1.66 (0.1077)
GÜF 13.19 8.16 6.06 5.63 2.56 2.22 2.88 (0.0074) 5.03 (0.0000) 2.31 (0.0277)
Hearing Loss 22.23 6.77 23.28 10.41 19.31 9.09 - 0.34 (0.7365) 1.03 (0.3120) −0.34 (0.7365)
TQa 40.0 6.69 15.0 6.28    10.89 (0.0000)   
Loudness 39.75 20.99 49.94 20.77    - 1.38 (0.1778)   
  1. ♂ male, df degrees of freedom, GÜF Geräuschüberempfindlichkeitsfragebogen (Questionnaire on Hypersensitivity to Sound), HADS Hospital Anxiety (A) and Depression (D) Scale, HC healthy controls, HDT highly distressed tinnitus patients, LDT low distressed tinnitus patients, Loudness maximum (in case of bilateral tinnitus) loudness of the tinnitus in dB HL as measured via matching of the tinnitus to a similar sound, t t- value, TQ Tinnitus Questionnaire, VT vocabulary test
  2. All t-tests were two-sided
  3. aDue to missing data on the day of the MRI- scan, the missing TQ- score of 4 participants (1 HDT, 3 LDT) was replaced with the TQ- score from the TQ, that had been filled in after the telephone screening