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Table 2 Discriminative validity between patients (n = 35) with vestibular disorders and healthy participants (n = 27) (determined by an unpaired t-test, level of significance at p ≤ 0.05)

From: Discriminant validity and test re-test reproducibility of a gait assessment in patients with vestibular dysfunction

  Gait speed (m/s) Cadence (steps/min.) Step length (cm)
Gait tasks with; Mean patient (SD) Mean healthy (SD) p Mean Difference (CI) Mean patient (SD) Mean healthy (SD) p Mean Difference (CI) Mean patient (SD) Mean healthy (SD) p Mean Difference (CI)
Self-selected walking speed 1.2 (0.2) 1.4 (0.2) <0.001 0.3 (0.2/0.4) 108.0 (10.4) 115.7 (8.0) 0.002 7.8 (3.0/12.6) 64.0 (9.9) 73.6 (9.4) <0.001 10.0 (4.9/15.0)
Horizontal head turns 1.0 (0.2) 1.3 (0.2) <0.001 0.3 (0.1/0.4) 98.8 (14.3) 107.2 (9.5) 0.010 8.5 (2.1/14.8) 60.8 (9.1) 71.2 (8.7) <0.001 10.6 (5.9/15.4)
Vertical head turns 1.0 (0.3) 1.3 (0.2) <0.001 0.3 (0.2/0.4) 99.5 (15.9) 109.8 (9.9) 0.004 10.3 (3.4/17.3) 60.0 (11.2) 71.6 (8.9) <0.001 12.2 (6.7/17.6)
Closed eyes 0.8 (0.2) 1.2 (0.3) <0.001 0.4 (0.2/0.5) 97.9 (15.0) 108.5 (13.6) 0.005 10.6 (3.3/18.0) 48.8 (11.8) 65.0 (10.6) <0.001 15.0 (8.6/21.4)
Ambulating backwards 0.7 (0.2) 1.0 (0.2) <0.001 0.3 (0.2/0.4) 95.8 (14.3) 105.1 (12.8) 0.010 9.2 (2.3/16.3) 40.8 (9.3) 54.4 (8.7) <0.001 12.8 (8.2/17.4)
Dual taska 0.9 (0.2) 1.2 (0.3) <0.001 0.3 (0.2/0.4) 88.3 (16.1) 101.8 (17.3) 0.005 11.4 (0.2/0.4) 58.8 (9.1) 68.4 (10.2) 0.001 8.8 (3.7/13.8)
  1. aDual tasking for Gait speed, Cadence and Step length was performed with n = 34a patients. The dual-tasking paradigm was performed with a) self-selected walking speed and b) dual-tasking (counting backwards from 100 in steps of 7 during self-selected walking speed
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