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Table 4 Continuous drinking of 100 ml water – duration of muscle activity excluding the initial oral stage (mean ± SD)

From: Oral vs. pharyngeal dysphagia: surface electromyography randomized study

  Dental surgery Oral infections Tonsillitis Control
  Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4
Total duration (s) 17.9 ± 5.32 17.3 ± 5.3 10.8 ± 2.1 10.7 ± 2.81
Number of swallows 10.9 ± 3 9.4 ± 2.2 7.1 ± 1.4 6.9 ± 1.82
Duration of one swallow (s) 1.64 ± 0.6 1.75 ± 0.7 1.52 ± 0.3 1.51 ± 0.41
ml/swallow 9.17 ± 2.85 10.64 ± 2.4 14.08 ± 3.1 14.5 ± 3.55
ml/swallow in % 69% 73% 97.25% 100%