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Table 3 Associations between the improvement in symptoms and productivity and different variables

From: Clinical profile, outcomes and improvement in symptoms and productivity in rhinitic patients in Karachi, Pakistan

Variables affecting symptoms and productivity of patients Improvement (f)
  Yes No
Age in years (p = 0.87)   
≤20 14 1
21-40 88 11
> 40 49 6
Gender (p = 0.57)   
Male 91 11
Female 60 7
Education (p = 0.54)   
Primary (till grade 5) 5 0
Secondary (till grade 10) 11 1
Higher secondary (till grade 12) 33 2
Graduation/post-graduation 102 15
Exposure time to allergen in 24 hours (in hours) (p = 0.24)   
≤2 29 3
> 2-6 51 3
> 6 71 12
Type of medication prescribed   
Steroids (oral/nasal) (p = 0.49) 120 15
Antihistamines (p = 0.60) 144 17
Sympathomimetic decongestants (p = 0.84) 50 7
Anticholinergics (0.67) 10 1
Leukotriene receptor antagonists (p = 0.54) 62 7
Duration for which medication was used (in months) (p = 0.94)   
≤1 36 5
> 1-3 95 10
> 3-6 18 3
> 6-12 1 0
> 12 1 0
Regularity in use of medication (p = 0.18)   
Yes 133 14
No 18 4
Non-pharmacological advice given to patient (p = 0.71)   
Yes 148 18
No 3 0
Compliance of patient in following the advice about lifestyle changes (p = 0.12)
Yes 142 15
No 9 3
Satisfaction with treatment (p < 0.001)   
Yes 139 10
No 12 8