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Table 3 Perceived causes of throat discomfort by country

From: Incidence, causes, severity and treatment of throat discomfort: a four-region online questionnaire survey

  Mean annual frequency of suffering by cause*
  UK France Poland Malaysia Overall
Common cold/influenza 3 3 3 6 4
Other bacteria/virus 3 3 2 4 3
Talking/shouting 8 11 10 10 10
Hot/dry indoor conditions 13 7 13 10 11
Dust/other outdoor conditions 14 11 11 12 12
Air conditioning 13 9 8 18 12
Excess alcohol 11 7 9 15 11
Smoking 13 22 17 18 18
Passive smoking 17 18 19 20 19
Hay fever 18 8 10 3 10
Specific allergy 14 13 18 12 14
Airborne pollution 11 11 8 9 10
Sudden temperature change 10 6 6 10 8
Snoring 25 29 15 13 21
  1. * Mean of the number of occasions that throat irritation by the stated cause was suffered in the preceding 12 months.
  2. ‘Overall’ represents a pooled analysis of mean data from all four countries assessed.