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Table 6 Prevalence rates of anxiety and depression in our sample compared to a reference population

From: Gender differences in patients with dizziness and unsteadiness regarding self-perceived disability, anxiety, depression, and its associations

  Anxietya Depressionb
Sample Sample % Referencec % Quotient Sample/Ref. Sample % Referencec % Quotient Sample/Ref.
Total 18.0 5.9 3.1 20.5 15.8 1.3
Female 14.5 7.4 1.9 15.3 16.6 0.9
Male 23.7 3.9 6.1 28.9 14.8 2.0
  1. a Anxiety was assessed with the anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Subjects with scores of ≥ 11 points were found to have anxiety [40].
  2. b Depression was assessed with the depression subscale of the HADS. Subjects with scores of ≥ 9 points were found to have depression [40].
  3. c Reference. Hinz and Schwarz (2000) estimated the prevalence rates of anxiety and depression in a representative sample of the adult population of Germany.