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Table 5 Associations between the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale

From: Gender differences in patients with dizziness and unsteadiness regarding self-perceived disability, anxiety, depression, and its associations

Sample n (%) HADS HADS-D HADS-A
   Corr. Partial Corr. Corr. Partial Corr. Corr partial Corr.
All 200 0.60** 0.44** 0.66** 0.50** 0.45** 0.30**
Female 124 (62) 0.53** 0.38** 0.63** 0.47** 0.35** 0.22**
Male 76 (38) 0.72** 0.53** 0.74** 0.57** 0.59** 0.41**
  1. ** significant at the 0.01 level (1-tailed)
  2. Corr indicates the Spearman correlation coefficients, HADS-A anxiety subscale of the HADS, HADS-D depression subscale of the HADS, partial corr partial correlation: a measure of the association between the DHI and HADS controlling for the effect of symptom severity (Vertigo Symptom Scale, Dizziness Index) on the DHI and HADS.