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Table 4 The level of anxiety, depression, and disability in both genders with different health conditions

From: Gender differences in patients with dizziness and unsteadiness regarding self-perceived disability, anxiety, depression, and its associations

    N (%) HADS-A Median (IQR) Statistic HADS-D Median (IQR) Statistic
  Disability mild 34 (27.4) 4.5 (5.0) p1 = 0.025 2.0 (2.5) p1 = 0.001
F (124)   moderate 59 (47.5) 6.0 (6.0)   4.0 (5.0)  
   severe 31 (25.0) 7.0 (6.0)   6.0 (3.0)  
   mild 22 (28.2) 3.0 (4.5) p1 = 0.007 1.0 (6.0) p1 = 0.000
M (76)   moderate 41 (52.6) 6.0 (5.0)   4.0 (5.0)  
   severe 15 (19.2) 12.0 (11.0)   12.0 (9.0)  
     DHI-G
Mean (SD)
   
F (124) Abnormal
anxiety
yes 18 (14.5) 60.1 (22.0) p2 = 0.002   
   no 106 (85.5) 43.4 (20.8)    
M (76)   yes 18 (23.7) 63.6 (20.6) p2 = 0.000   
   no 58 (76.3) 36.0 (20.2)    
     DHI-G
Mean (SD)
   
F (124) Abnormal
depression
yes 19 (15.3) 66.5 (16.0) p2 = 0.000   
   no 105 (84.7) 42.1 (20.6)    
M (76)   yes 22 (28.9) 65.7 (16.2) p2 = 0.000   
   no 54 (71.0) 33.1 (18.7)    
  1. 1 = Kruskal-Wallis test
  2. 2 = Student t-test
  3. DHI-G indicates Dizziness Handicap Inventory - German version (Score: 0 - 100), F female, HADS Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS-A anxiety subscale (Score: 0 - 21), HADS-D depression subscale of the HADS (Score: 0 - 21), IQR interquartil range, M male, SD standard deviation
  4. An adjustment of the significance value was calculated: alpha/n; n = number of comparisons; alpha = 0.05: corrected significance level: 0.05/8 = 0.00626.