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Table 3 Associations between the prevalence rates of disability and anxiety and depression in both genders

From: Gender differences in patients with dizziness and unsteadiness regarding self-perceived disability, anxiety, depression, and its associations

Gender Severe disabilitya Abnormal anxietyb Severe disabilitya Abnormal depressionc
   present (n [%]) not present (n [%])   present (n [%]) not present (n [%])
F present 8 (6.5) 23 (18.5) present 6 (4.8) 25 (20.2)
  not
present
10 (8.1) 83 (66.9) not
present
13 (10.5) 80 (64.5)
   x 2 (1) = 3.09, p = 0.079;   x 2 (1) = 0.185, p = 0.667
M present 9 (11.8) 6 (7.9) present 10 (13.2) 5 (6.5)
  not
present
9 (11.8) 52 (68.4) not
present
12 (15.8) 49 (64.5)
   x 2 (1) = 11.1, p = 0.001;
OR: 8.7 (2.5 - 30.3)
  x 2 (1) = 10.60, p = 0.001;
OR: 8.2 (2.4 - 28.4)
  1. a Subjects who rated their disability as mild or moderate were put together in the category 'severe disability not present'
  2. b Anxiety was assessed with the anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Subjects with scores of ≥ 11 points were found to have abnormal anxiety [40].
  3. c Depression was assessed with the depression subscale of the HADS. Subjects with scores ≥ 9 points in HADS-D were found to have abnormal depression [40].
  4. F indicates female (n = 124), M male patients (n = 76), OR odds ratio.
  5. Chi-square statistic was calculated with the Mantel-Haenszel test.
  6. An adjustment of the significance value was calculated: alpha/n; n = number of comparisons; alpha = 0.05: corrected significance level: 0.05/4 = 0.0125