Total and species-specific bacterial loads in 11 A. otitidis -positive ear discharge swabs. Species-specific data points are only shown for qPCR-positive specimens. A. otitidis, H. influenzae and total bacterial load median values are indicated with a bar. TBL = Total bacterial load. Ao = A. otitidis. Hi = H. influenzae. Spn = S. pneumoniae. Mc = M. catarrhalis.