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Table 3 Results of T-test between patients and voice healthy controls for the VHI-Throat subscales.

From: Throat related symptoms and voice: development of an instrument for self assessment of throat-problems

   M score (Sd) t df P = (2-tailed)
Throat scale Patients 14,5 (7,3)    
  Controls 6,9 (5,5) 8,1 138 ,001
Functional Patients 9,5 (9,7)    
  Controls 1,8 (3,4) 8,3 197 ,001
Physical Patients 15,1 (9,8)    
  Controls 5,4 (5,6) 8,8 178 ,001
Emotional Patients 8,7 (9,5)    
  Controls 1,3 (3,1) 8,4 194 ,001
  1. Patients n = 144, Controls n = 58